In 1917, as the United States entered World War I, President Woodrow Wilson formed the Committee on Public Information (CPI) as one means to support the cause of American troops abroad through propaganda. The CPI’s chairman, George Creel, a journalist and political advocate, appealed to prominent illustrator Charles Dana Gibson for assistance in assembling a faction of professionals to take up the cause of preparing posters and other visual messages in support of the war effort, which came to be called the Division of Pictorial Publicity.

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